Enlarged Male Breasts or Gynecomastia is a prevalent condition in men that is rarely openly discussed and hence people have very little knowledge about its treatment options.
Caused by an Endocrine system disorder, Gynecomastia can become a cause for social anxiety, stress, low self- esteem and secluded lifestyle in many men; therefore, treatment is very important for physical, mental and emotional restoration of the patient. Gynecomastia is often associated with puberty, but mostly the enlargement goes away within a year or two.
The hallmark symptom of Gynecomastia is breast enlargement with soft compressible tissue under the areola of nipple; patients with Gynecomastia often develop a concern around it being associated with Cancer.
Male breast reduction surgery is the most effective treatment option for Gynecomastia.
The cosmetic surgery performed under full anesthesia involves removing of excess fat and glandular tissue from the chest area to restore a flatter and more natural contour to the chest.
When opting for Gynecomastia Surgery, patients should seek experienced, Board-Certified Plastic Surgeons to minimize post operative scarring, reduce complication risks and achieve best aesthetic results.
The Plastic surgeon will explain what to expect after surgery and provide information about possible risks of permanent marks, inflammation and other complications.
Certain dietary regulations, prohibition from smoking and physical exercises are recommended to the patients before undergoing surgery.
Depending on the size and location, Gynecomastia is categorized as pseudo gynecomastia or True Gynecomastia.
In case of Pseudogynecomastia, liposuction or liposculpture can also show satisfying results. However for True Gynecomastia, a surgery is performed to remove the male breast tissue through a cut in the lower part of the Aerola. The operation can be performed on full or local anesthesia, as inferred by the anesthesiologist.
Post operation, a small drain is kept inserted to drain excess fluid and the chest may be wrapped with an elastic bandage too tightly holding the skin together for healing.
Patients feel varying degree of discomfort for a few days after the surgical procedure.
The result of surgery takes time up to three months to show as swelling and bruising fade away slowly. Using the elastic bandage is helpful in checking the swelling during initial weeks. Care and caution towards protecting the operated area from pressure and injuries should be a priority.
Physiotherapy or light exercise can help in restoring normal activities and life. As sunlight can darken the scars, direct sunlight should be avoided for as long as 6 months. Scar reduction creams can be applied for better results with the doctor’s consultation.
As a case of enlarged breasts is more of a social disease than physical, apart from restoring the manly image, Male breast reduction surgery returns a quality social life, greater confidence and self-esteem and a newly found self. More men should break the taboo and seek treatment to deserve the appearance and life they want by opting for Gynecomastia surgery.Authored By Dr Vivekananda Bhat -cosmetic surgeon, Bangalore